The ghalensis belongs to the plant family Moraceae, the order Rosales, the Genus Ficus (as is indicated by the name) and the subgenus Urostigma.
It is commonly known as the Banyan Tree in India.
In Luganda, the tree is known as Omutuba ogwa Ntakire
The fruit of the Banyan tree, its leaves, as well as, its bark contain certain medicinal properties and are used for various purposes. The latex is also very widely used. The bark and the leaves come in handy in controlling bleeding or secretion and its latex has a very relieving effect on the skin as well as the mucus membrane. It lessens pain and
swelling and also is rich in nutrition.
MEDICINAL PROPERTIES USEFUL AGAINST DISEASES
Ficus benghalensis has found many uses as a medicinal herb. It can be used internally or as a preparation that can be applied externally.
Its uses are given below in detail:
– The leaves are used to relieve chronic diarrhea and dysentery.
– The latex of the tree, when taken with milk, has a relieving effect on piles.
– Medicines made using the roots of the tree help in relieving female sterility.
– Washing the genital region regularly with a decoction of the parts of the tree helps in relieving Leucorrhea.
– The latex, after being processed, can be taken to relieve Rheumatism.
– The latex also has a relieving effect on Lumbago and other such diseases.
– In case of vomiting or nausea, the latex of the tree can be consumed in the form of a juice. It provides a lot of relief.
– One should clean their teeth using the roots of this tree. This helps in protecting the gums against all kinds of infections and also keeps the teeth exceptionally clean.
– Cracked relieves can be relieved by applying the sap of the Banyan tree to them. This should be done regularly without gap to produce maximum results.
– A paste made from the leaves can also be used as an application for relieving skin disorders and is known to have a very soothing effect.
PRECAUTIONS AND SAFETY MEASURES WHILE USING FICUS BENGHALENSIS
Precaution should be exercised while using the latex of the plant as it is toxic in nature. The leaves and the bark of the tree are however, safe to consume and seldom have been reported to cause any side- effect.