Commonly known as Purple nutsedge, nut grass, #Katabuteme, is a medicinal herb traditionally used to treat various clinical conditions at home such as diarrhea, diabetes, pyresis, inflammation, malaria, and stomach and bowel disorders. Currently, it is considered one of the most widespread, problematic, and economically damaging agronomic weeds, growing wildly in various tropical and subtropical regions of the world.
This is the most investigated plant worldwide due to the higher concentration of active ingredients in the form of essential oils, phenolic acids, ascorbic acids, and flavonoids in the tuber and rhizomes.
the main active components appear to be the sesquiterpenes. These are aromatic, spicy tasting molecules. Among the main sesquiterpenes identified in cyperus rhizomes thus far are:
α-cyperone, β-selinene, cyperene, cyperotundone, patchoulenone, sugeonol, kobusone, and isokobusone.
Cyperus also contains other terpenes, such as the commonly occurring plant component pinene (a monoterpene), and several derivatives of the sesquiterpenes, such as cyperol, isocyperol, and cyperone.
Bitter, astringent and pungent in taste Katabuteme is light in its effect. Cold in its potency Katabuteme‘s taste is pungent after digestion.
Katabuteme pacifies fever; checks worm infestation, diarrhea, cough, insomnia, blood disorders, and erysipelas, epilepsy and skin disorders.
Katabuteme endowed with a specific smell is effective in promoting appetite. Katabuteme is useful in skin diseases and diarrhea.
Its tuber is used s diuretic that is it promotes expulsion of urine. Katabutemeis also used in formulations preventing liver and lung diseases.