Black pepper (Piper nigrum)
FAMILY: Piperaceae

A pinch of black pepper is added to almost every type of recipe imaginable. Once used as currency and presented to the gods as a sacred offering, it is fortunate that this most popular of spices is available throughout the year. 
Black pepper comes from the pepper plant, a smooth woody vine that can grow up to 33 feet in hot and humid tropical climates. They begin to bear small white clustered flowers after 3 to 4 years and develop into berries known as peppercorns. Ground peppercorns produce the spice we call pepper. 
The use of black pepper, or piper nigrum, goes back 4,000 years in the East. The Chinese used pepper to address malaria, cholera, dysentery, diarrhea, and stomach complaints. It has a long history of use as a traditional folk medicine in a variety of cultures.

PROPERTIES:
Antioxidant, Antibacterial, Enhances Bioavailability, expectorant
It is a rich source of manganese, iron, potassium, vitamin-C, vitamin K, and dietary fiber.

• Pepper increases the hydrochloric acid secretion in the stomach, thereby facilitating digestion.

• Pepper also helps to prevent the formation of intestinal gas, and when added to a person’s diet, it can promote sweating and urination, which remove toxins from the body.

• The outer layer of peppercorn assists in the breakdown of fat cells. Therefore, peppery foods are a good way to help you shed weight naturally.
• Pepper helps to cure Vitiligo, which is a skin disease that causes some areas of skin to lose its normal pigmentation and turn white.

• pepper is added to tonics for colds and coughs. Pepper also provides relief from sinusitis and nasal congestion. It has an expectorant property that helps to break up the mucus and phlegm depositions in the respiratory tract.

• Piperine, one of the key components of black pepper, has been shown in numerous studies to reduce memory impairment and cognitive malfunction.

• A number of studies have shown that black pepper may have beneficial effects on gastric mucosal damage and peptic ulcers, due to its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties.

• Pepper is a good treatment for respiratory condition due to its properties as an expectorant, as well as its strong anti-inflammatory properties.

• Black pepper also helps to prevent ear-aches and gangrene. 

• Black pepper is also used in the weakness and loosening of the anal sphincter especially in case of piles.

• It is also good for conditions of hernia, hoarseness and insect bites. 

• It is also commonly used to treat conditions of tooth decay and toothache.

 • In ancient times, pepper was also administered to treat vision problems.

• Black powder also has veterinary utility. The decoction of black pepper should be used to wash the ears of cattle in case of maggots. This kills the maggots.
A Word of Warning
Pepper may cause sneezing. Patients who have undergone abdominal surgery should not add excessive pepper to their diet because it can have an irritating effect on the intestines. Black pepper should not be taken in high concentrations, and if you show signs of an allergic reaction, discontinue its use and consult a doctor!

• It shouldn’t be given to infants and weak children. 

• Person who is suffering from hyper-acidity and gastric problems should avoid using of Black Pepper.
Excess use may cause blisters on the skin.
Do not use if u have low thyroid function or using thyroxin

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